CNC Vertical Machining Center

What Is CNC Lathe Machine Used For?

Aug 31, 2023

Introduction to CNC

Computer numerical control is known as CNC. Since its creation in the middle of the 20th century, this technology has revolutionized manufacturing by enabling high levels of accuracy, reproducibility, and automation in machine tools.

The software that converts a digital file—typically a Computer-Aided Design, or CAD, file—into a set of instructions for the CNC machine to follow is a critical component of a CNC machine's operation. The operator may see how the completed product should seem before the machine starts operating, thanks to the software's ability to simulate the desired outcome.


CNC Lathe machine

A CNC (Computer Numerical Control) lathe machine is a highly advanced machine used in the manufacturing industry to create complex designs that wouldn't be possible with manually controlled lathes.

A CNC Lathe machine controls tools used to cut and shape various materials using computer programming inputs. It accomplishes this by taking computer-generated code and turning it into electrical impulses that operate the machine's motor and axis using software. Construction, automotive, medical, and other industries, as well as others, employ CNC equipment because of their adaptability. In addition to 3D printing, they may be used for various other operations, including milling, turning, drilling, and grinding. They are an essential part of contemporary production processes because of their capacity to perform intricate and accurate tasks automatically and in bulk.

Here's a more detailed breakdown of what CNC lathe machines are and how they work:


What is CNC Lathe Machine Used for?

The main function of a CNC lathe machine is to rotate a workpiece on its axis to perform various operations like cutting, sanding, knurling, drilling, or deformation with tools that are applied to the workpiece to create an object with symmetry about the axis of rotation. They are designed to work on intricate and complex shapes of different nature of materials.

CNC lathe machines are widely used in industries such as automotive, aerospace, electronics, and more. They're capable of creating a vast range of products, from simple objects like bolts and shafts to complex pieces like propellers and crankshafts.

Using a CNC lathe machine requires specialized knowledge, including an understanding of machining principles, the ability to read and interpret blueprints, and proficiency in G-code programming.

Basic Structure

CNC lathe machines consist of several parts, including the headstock, bed, carriage, and tailstock. The headstock holds the workpiece in place, the bed is the base of the machine, the carriage moves tools with respect to the workpiece, and the tailstock supports the other end of the workpiece.

Computer Numerical Control

The CNC part refers to the computer controls that manage the movements and operations of the lathe. Operators can use software to input instructions (known as G-code) to the CNC machine, which then interprets these instructions to accurately move its tools and perform the operations. This allows for highly precise and complex manufacturing tasks.

Control Software:

This is the brain of the machine. It is where the instructions are inputted for the machine to execute. It takes the data from a CAD (Computer-Aided Design) file and translates it into a CNC program that the machine can interpret.

Drive System: 

This includes the motor and drive mechanisms that allow the machine to move along its axes (X, Y, and sometimes Z). This system can be based on various technologies, including servo or stepper motors.


This is the machine part that does the cutting. It holds and rotates the cutting tool, and its speed can be adjusted to suit different materials and types of cuts.

Bed and Fixture:

The bed is the "table" or flat surface where the work piece is placed. The fixture securely holds the work piece in place so it won't move or vibrate during machining.

Tool Changer:

In more advanced CNC machines, a tool changer allows the machine to use different cutting tools in the same job without requiring a human operator to change them manually.

Coolant Supply:

Many CNC machines have a system to spray coolant on the cutting tool and workpiece to prevent overheating, which could cause damage or inaccuracy.


CNC Lathe Capabilities

A CNC lathe machine is normally used to produce round shapes having an outer and an inner diameter most precisely however, all kinds of structures could be engineered with this machine tool, depending on their needs in different industries. These CNC Lathe machines are designed to fulfill the demands for high speed and high efficiency, decrease frictional resistance and temperature rising deformation, enhance machining precision, and assure long-term stability of cutting machining accuracy. CNC Lathe operation’s capability depends on its no. of working axis.  A simple lathe machine is capable of the rotating, cutting, milling, drilling and tapping actions.


Types of CNC Lathe machines

Here are a few types of CNC machines:

CNC Vertical Machining Center

CNC Horizontal Machining Center


CNC Vertical Lathe Machine

CNC Machines having spindle axes that are parallel to the worktable are known as CNC vertical machines. A series of CNC vertical machining have been manufactured by Xiamen Yangsen group out of which the most common and simplest is CNC Lathe Machine.

CNC Vertical lathes or VTLs, one of the latest CNC machines. They are perfect for heavy-duty machining of medium to big items. Vertical lathes are getting more and more versatile as a result of new technology. By offering steady machining of thin and irregularly shaped components, this vertical lathe boosts productivity. An extremely solid structure is created by the box-type base and column. The box-type base and column make a highly dependable, highly rigid structure and the headstock with flange construction, minimizes the effects of thermal deformation and vibration, which ensures stable, accurate cutting.These CNC Vertical lathes are employed in manufacturing units of auto parts, aerospace engineering, and precision molding drilling and active surface milling.


CNC Horizontal Lathe Machine

CNC horizontal lathe machine has spindle axes that are parallel to the worktable and can process two-dimensional and three-dimensional surfaces in a variety of ways, including drilling, boring, tapping, and milling. It has specialized uses for drilling holes in box bodies and is generally used in the industries of combustion engines, aircraft, household appliances, and automobiles. A series of CNC horizontal machining have been manufactured by Xiamen Yangsen group out of which the most common and simplest is CNC Lathe Machine.

CNC lathe machines utilize linear rolling guides. The high-rigidity horizontal hydraulic servo turret tool holder used in the inclined bed CNC horizontal lathe is either domestically produced or imported. It has minor deformation during heavy cutting and high positioning precision. The general construction of the inclined bed CNC lathe is tilted at a 45-degree angle, maintaining machine tool precise stability even while cutting heavily.  Precision mold, auto part, aerospace engineering, surface milling, drilling holes, and tapping production facilities use these CNC horizontal lathes.


What are the Benefits of CNC Lathe Machines?

CNC lathe machines offer numerous benefits. They deliver high precision and accuracy, they can produce complex shapes that manual lathes can't handle, and they can work 24/7. Plus, once the machine is set up and programmed, it can produce large quantities of products with minimal operator intervention.

Precision and Accuracy: Follow programmed instructions crucial for producing complex and intricate parts with high precision

Increased Productivity: Can be operated 24/7, leading to increased productivity and faster production rates

Consistency: ensuring uniformity of quality across batches of products

Flexibility: Reprogrammed and reconfigured without major retooling

Complex Geometries: Able to produce intricate and complex geometries

Reduced Operator Skill Requirements: actual operation of the machines requires less manual dexterity and skill

Time Savings: Able to perform multiple operations in a single setup, reducing the need for part handling and setup changes.

Reproducibility: CNC machines ensure that a specific manufacturing process can be reproduced exactly, making them suitable for industries that require strict adherence to standards and regulations.


Common questions for CNC machines

How does CNC Lathe work?

A CNC lathe machine tool that utilizes digital instructions to shape materials. The user begins by designing a part using CAD (Computer-Aided Design) software, then converts this design into a set of numerical codes, commonly known as G-codes. This code is then fed into the CNC lathe's control system. Once initiated, the machine automatically rotates the workpiece while the cutting tool advances in a precise pattern dictated by the G-code. The integration of computer-controlled precision ensures consistency, efficiency, and intricacy in shaping materials such as metal, wood, or plastic, allowing for the creation of detailed and complex parts with minimal manual intervention.


How do I select the right CNC machine for my application?

1. Production Volume

2. Combination possibilities

3. Nature of Control

4. Determine your factory requirements

5. Confirm Power Requirements

6. Define the materials being machined


How do I Maintain My CNC machine?

A CNC machine breakdown can costs manifold more than it does to create an annual maintenance plan, often called a “Preventive Maintenance Plan.”

Daily Maintenance:

Check lubrication levels; replenish if needed

Grease parts that look dry

Check coolant concentration and fill levels

Empty chip hopper

Check levels of hydraulic system

Wipe down all surfaces to keep small metal shavings from building up

Monthly Maintenance:

Clean/replace air filters

Check and clean coolant filters

Clean radiators and cooling fans

Review oil fill checklists for unusual oil consumption

Remove and clean chuck and jaws

Grease and adjust chains or conveyors

Yearly Maintenance:

Remove coolant tank completely; take out metal chips not caught by the conveyor; check for bacterial growth; inspect and clean the system

Test hydraulic oil for contaminates; replace filters

Drain and clean lubrication unit; change oil

Check headstock for tapering

Check drawbar tension

Inspect chuck cylinder

Run backlash program; replace the X and Y axis gibs if needed


Get an instant Quote

Focused on Process Automation & CNC Lathe machines for over 20 years

Since 2007, Yangsen has been committed to offering high-quality, reasonably priced CNC equipment to those who have supported him, put their faith in him, and are new to or experienced in the field of CNC. Yangsen is grateful to its clients and is passionate about machine tools. From a modest plant, Yangsen became increasingly skilled in the design and production of cutting-edge CNC machines, loved by individuals with a passion for CNC, via a thorough investigation of customer demands and ongoing study of cutting-edge technology.

You may find Yangsen items all around the world and in the hands of people producing inspirational and long-lasting work, making them ideal for workshop and industry usage.

Get an Instant Quote

To get an instant contact from Yangsen Co. Ltd., you can schedule an Email, WhatsApp, skype or phone call to us. We are eager for making a step forward towards your progress and convenience. 

Leave A Message

Leave A Message
If you are interested in our products and want to know more details,please leave a message here,we will reply you as soon as we can.