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CNC Machine Tool VS Traditional Machine Tools

Oct 09, 2022

CNC Machine Tool VS Traditional Machine Tools

Compared with traditional machine tools, CNC machine tools have the following characteristics and differences.


Advantages of CNC Machining vs Conventional Machining

Advantages of CNC Machining vs Conventional Machining

Computer numerical control - machining has revolutionized manufacturing. CNC machines often replace equipment needed for the job. Manufacturers often employ the CNC machine for production purposes.

Designed to produce large quantities, it offers effective rapid production capability, which can produce products typically produced by shaping machines, center-lathe grinders, routers, and vertical mills. The computer-numerical controls provide additional financial advantages as well as production advantages in contrast to conventional methods.


Advantages Of CNC Machining Over Conventional Machining

The accuracy of a machine is unparallel and its precision can be duplicated in many instances. So, it is the main product quality.

The precision of the machine must begin to be expected only if the components are accurately produced. CNC machines can satisfy these needs as well as guarantee high precision in manufacturing processes.

1. Highly flexible to process parts

It is highly flexible to process parts on CNC machine tools, which mainly depends on the processing program. It is different from ordinary machine tools. It does not need CNC machine tools to manufacture CNC machine tools, replace many molds and fixtures, and does not need to readjust the machine tool frequently.

Therefore, CNC machine tools are suitable for occasions where the processed parts are frequently replaced, suitable for single-piece, small-batch production, and new product development, thereby shortening the production preparation cycle and saving a lot of process equipment costs.

Starting in CNC machining with less experience and still producing at a high quality. Products Can Be Easily Replicated Thousands of Times Conventional machining works well when you need to make a single custom piece.

If you have high production quotas where you need to cut the same part many times, CNC machining makes more sense.

CNC machinery lets you program your machines to make the same cut over and over. Conventional machinery needs help from an experienced operator to make similar pieces. And even then, there are still small differences among the parts. Less Labor is Required to Operate CNC Machinery

2. High machining accuracy

The machining accuracy of CNC machine tools can generally reach 0.05-0.1MM. CNC machine tools are controlled in the form of digital signals.

Every time the CNC device outputs a pulse signal, the moving parts of the machine tool move a pulse equivalent (generally 0.0O1MM ), and the average error of backlash and screw pitch of the feed transmission chain of the machine tool can be compensated by the numerical control device. Therefore, the positioning accuracy of the numerical control machine tool is relatively high.

High machining accuracy


3. The processing quality is stable and reliable:

The same batch of parts is processed, on the same machine tool, under the same processing conditions, using the same device and processing program, the tool trajectory is exactly the same, the consistency of the parts is good, and the quality is stable.


4. High-productivity and Scalability:

Once the design parameters and specifications have been entered into a CNC machine, it consistently executes huge quantities and affords flexible scalability.

CNC machine tools can effectively reduce the processing time and auxiliary time of parts. The five-axis linkage machining center of the spindle speed of the CNC machine tool and the range of the feed rate is large, allowing the machine tool to perform powerful cutting with a large amount of cutting. CNC machine tools are entering the era of high-speed machining.

The rapid movement and positioning of the moving parts of CNC machine tools and high-speed cutting processing have greatly improved productivity.

In addition, it is used in conjunction with the tool magazine of the machining center to realize continuous processing of multiple processes on one machine tool, reducing the turnaround time between processes for semi-finished products and improving productivity.


Less Labor and safer:

CNC machining requires less repair and less labor at least 50%.

The operator used special rulers and gauges that are embedded in the control levers for better precision. Advantages of CNC Machining Worker Safety The CNC machine operator is safe from any sharp parts behind a protective construction.

The operator can see what is going on in the machine tool via the glass. The operator does not necessarily need to go close to the spindle or mill. The operator does not have to come near the cooling fluids.

Some fluids are dangerous to medical care, and military and aerospace industries all require precision parts, and their tolerances must be strict to +/- .0005mm, which is difficult to achieve with traditional machining.


CNC Machining vs. Manual Machining

The main differences between manual and CNC machining are the time requirements. Since the CNC machining process is automated it can be possible to operate several machining units at once. Manual processes require a trained worker who can operate every machine.

CNC-machined parts allow for faster operations and lower costs. Nevertheless, both machining and manual machining offer distinct advantages.

CNC Machining vs. Manual Machining


More Capability:

When used in tandem with advanced design software, CNC machines create outputs that cannot be replicated by manual machines. Even the most gifted engineers can't use conventional machines up to the level of CNC machines because of the advanced software that they use. These machines can produce any size, shape, or texture needed.

CNC machines create outputs that cannot be reproduced by manual machines when used in tandem with advanced design software. The machines can produce a variety of sizes, textures, and shapes.



CNC machines consistently execute the desired quantities and offer flexible scalability once you input the design parameters and specifications.


Faster and Efficient Production:

CNC machines deliver quick results, making it simpler to meet high demands. They operate day and night.

Faster and Efficient Production


5. Improve working conditions:

After the CNC machine tool is adjusted before processing, the program is input and started, and the machine tool can automatically and continuously process until the processing is completed.

What the operator has to do is only program input, editing, part loading and unloading, tool preparation, machining status observation, part inspection, etc.

The labor intensity is significantly reduced, and the labor of the machine tool operator tends to be intellectual work. In addition, machine tools are generally combined, which is clean and safe.


6. Much Better for standardized, modernized management:

Utilizing the processing of modern CNC machine tools for production management, the processing time can be accurately estimated in advance, the tools and fixtures used can be standardized, modernized management and the standardization of processing information is easy to achieve.

It has been integrated with computer-aided design and manufacturing (CAD/CAM ) is organically combined and is the basis of modern integrated manufacturing technology.

Much Better for standardized, modernized management


7. Cost and output:

Traditional machining costs are minimal and can be used for small batches of projects. CNC machines are used to manufacture mass quantities but can be unprofitably used for comparatively small projects.


CNC machining principles

Automating CNC machining is required with a digital file with a cut-out instruction manual. CNC machine manufacturing processes, therefore, require multiple instruments and engineers and machiners to develop digital tools to interface with CNC machines.

This machine can be easily controlled via an application of digital instructions and design starts in computer software (CAD). The computer-generated 3-D model determines the dimensions required by the final piece.

Since CADCAM is included with several software programs, this allows for the production of similar programs to continue.

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